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Industrial Valve Types

Industrial valves are essential in numerous industries, including oil and gas, petrochemical, pharmaceutical, food and beverage, water and wastewater treatment, and power generation. They ensure the safe and efficient operation of processes, protect equipment from damage, and contribute to energy conservation and environmental protection.
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    Industrial valves play a crucial role in controlling and regulating the flow of liquids, gases, and slurries in a wide range of industries. Their primary function is to maintain and control pressure, temperature, and flow in various systems. In this article, we will explore the different types of industrial valves, their applications, and how they function.

    industrial valves manufacturer

    Classification of Industrial Valve Types

    Industrial valve types can be broadly classified based on their design, function, and mode of operation. Here, we will discuss the most common valve types.

    Gate Valves

    Gate valves, also known as sluice valves, are designed for on/off service and are used to isolate or shut off flow in a pipeline. They consist of a movable gate or disc that slides to open or close the valve, providing a straight flow path with minimal resistance. Gate valves are widely used in the oil and gas industry, water supply, and other industrial applications.

    multi turn electric actuator for gate vavle
    Electrical Gate Valves
    gate valve manufacturer in china 1024x768 1
    API Gate Valves

    Globe Valves

    Globe valves are used for regulating and throttling flow in pipelines. They feature a spherical body with a movable disc or plug that sits on a stationary seat. By raising or lowering the disc, the flow can be adjusted to the desired level. Globe valves are commonly used in chemical, petrochemical, and power generation industries.

    din y type globe valve with bellows
    din y type globe valve with bellows
    din globe valve with bellows
    din globe valve with bellows

    Ball Valves

    Ball valves are characterized by a spherical ball with a hole through its center, which can be rotated to control the flow of fluid. They provide tight shutoff and fast on/off operation, making them suitable for high-pressure applications. Ball valves are commonly used in oil and gas, chemical, and petrochemical industries.

    oil and gas industry ball valve
    oil and gas industry ball valve
    gear operated ball valves
    gear-operated ball valves

    Butterfly Valves

    Butterfly valves consist of a circular disc mounted on a rotating shaft, which opens and closes by rotating the disc at a 90-degree angle. They offer a compact design and are used for regulating flow in large pipelines. Butterfly valves are widely used in water and wastewater treatment, food and beverage, and HVAC systems.

    high performance butterfly valves and ball valves
    high performance butterfly valves and ball valves

    Diaphragm Valves

    Diaphragm valves use a flexible diaphragm to separate the valve body from the flowing medium. By compressing the diaphragm against a valve seat, flow can be controlled. These valves are known for their excellent sealing capabilities and are commonly used in the pharmaceutical, food and beverage, and biotechnology industries.

    Diaphragm Control Valves
    Diaphragm Control Valves

    Check Valves

    Check valves, also known as non-return valves, prevent backflow in a system by allowing fluid to flow in one direction only. They utilize a swinging, tilting, or lifting mechanism that automatically closes when the flow reverses. Check valves are commonly used in water supply systems, chemical processing, and power generation.

    api check valve
    api check valve

    Plug Valves

    Plug valves consist of a cylindrical or conical plug with a hole through its center, which can be rotated to control the flow. They offer excellent shutoff capabilities and are used in a variety of applications, including oil and gas, chemical, and petrochemical industries.

    eccentric plug pneumatic control valve
    eccentric plug pneumatic control valve

    Pressure Relief Valves

    Pressure relief valves protect systems from overpressure by releasing excess pressure when it exceeds a predetermined limit. They are essential safety devices in many industries, such as oil and gas, chemical, petrochemical, and power generation.

    safety relief valves
    safety relief valves

    Needle Valves

    Needle valves are characterized by a long, tapered needle-like stem that can be adjusted to control flow with precision. They are ideal for low flow rate applications and are commonly used in instrumentation, test equipment, and gas distribution systems.

    Control Valves

    Control valves regulate flow, pressure, and temperature in a system by responding to signals from a controller. They can be operated manually or automatically, using pneumatic, hydraulic, or electric actuators. Control valves are widely used in process control and automation across various industries.

    dn15 hls control valves
    dn15 hls control valves-THINKTANK

    Solenoid Valves

    Solenoid valves are electrically operated valves that control the flow of fluids and gases by opening and closing a passageway in response to an electrical signal. They are commonly used in automation systems, fluid power systems, and various industrial processes.

    Valve Material Selection

    Selecting the right material for an industrial valve is crucial for ensuring optimal performance and longevity. Common materials used in valve construction include:

    • Cast iron
    • Ductile iron
    • Carbon steel
    • Stainless steel
    • Brass
    • Bronze
    • Alloy steel
    • Plastic

    The choice of material depends on factors such as temperature, pressure, corrosion resistance, and the nature of the fluid being handled.

    Conclusion of Industrial Valve Types

    Industrial valves are essential components in a wide range of applications and industries. Understanding the different valve types, their functions, and their applications can help in selecting the right valve for a specific application. Proper valve selection and maintenance are crucial for ensuring the safety, efficiency, and reliability of industrial processes.

    Picture of Will Don

    Will Don

    After earning my bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from Zhejiang Normal University in 2008, l was fortunate enough to begin my career with Siemens, Fisher, and YTC, focusing on control valve accessories. Over the past dozen years, l've poured my heart and energy into understanding technology and fluid solutions for control valves.
    Now, as the marketing director for THINKTANK, a trusted branch of the Taiwan STONE valve group, I can't help butf eel proud of how far we've come. Our knowledge isn't just reaching professionals like engineer and valve distributors; it's also inspiring the next generation of automation college students.
    l genuinely hope you're enjoying our articles and finding them helpful.Your thoughts, questions, and feedback mean the world to me, so please don't hesitate to reach out to marketing[at] Whether you're a seasoned expert or just curious about the field, I'm here to connect, share, and learn together.

    All Posts »

    I am the author of this article, and also the CEO and marketing director of THINKTANK, with 15 years of experience in the industrial valve industry. If you have any questions, you can contact me at any time.

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    With expertise in valves and rich experience in the oil&gas, chemical industry, textile mills, power plants, and sugar mills. THINKTANK has become the premier manufacturer of next-generation precision control valves.

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