The Ultimate Guide to Textile Mill Equipments
STONE Taiwan Since 1993

The process of manufacturing textiles begins with a plant or field where cotton is grown, picked, and processed. Cotton comes in different qualities. Different cotton types come in different sizes and colors.

A textile mill is a factory where cotton and other materials are made into textiles. Cotton fiber is separated from the seed and cotton is cleaned by various processes. The final product is the yarn which is then woven and knitted to make fabric. This is the entire process of making a textile mill. Every step is important and every aspect of this industry is covered in this article. The article starts with an explanation of the whole process. Then it discusses the equipment used in the process. This will be followed by the machinery and chemicals used in the process.

Table of Contents

Textile Mill Manufacturing Process

A textile mill is a production facility where different types of fibers, such as yarn or fabric, are produced and processed into usable products. This could be clothing, bed sheets, towels, textile bags, and much more. When textile mills were first created, the work was very labor-intensive, but technology has transformed some modern facilities into machine-intensive operations.

Textile mills use a multi-step process to turn raw materials into usable products. Here is a typical production cycle process.

  • Fibers, whether natural or synthetic, are arranged in various ways to create the desired texture, appearance, strength, or durability.
  • The fibers are spun into yarn.
  • The yarns are transformed through fabric production techniques, such as weaving or knitting.
  • The fabric is subjected to a pretreatment process that prepares it to receive dyes and necessary chemicals.
  • Textiles are dyed and printed using pigments and prints.
  • Finishing treatments are added to the fabric to create special technical properties or desired aesthetic appeal. This may include antimicrobial properties, water repellency, or fashion applications.
  • Textiles are given desired additional properties, such as buttons or zippers, before being finalized for sale and distribution.

Textile Categories

There are various categories of textiles within the textile industry that can be transformed into functional products. 

  1. Non-woven materials, disposable or durable, such as baby wipes or household products.
  2. Specialty and industrial fabrics are used in automotive components such as seat belts or airbags.
  3. Medical materials, for surgical procedures and infection control.
  4. Protective apparel, for industrial applications and use.

What is Textile Manufacturing Process?

The textile manufacturing processes include yarn manufacturing, fabric manufacturing, dyeing, printing, finishing processing, and apparel manufacturing. 

textile manufacturing process

What is Textile Engineering Process?

Textile manufacturing is an important part of the textile industry. Textile engineering uses science to develop a variety of fabrics and yarns and to analyze the polymers used to make fibers. There are many textile mills around the world. Some of the most popular places for the textile industry include Vietnam, China, Thailand, the Philippines, India, Indonesia, etc. most of these countries’ economies depend on it.

The term “textile” usually refers to a weave or textile network of overlapping threads, like the kind used on clothing. But this is just one of the many kinds of fabrics studied in textile engineering on the surface. Textile engineers also use plastics, vinyl, and other substances in their work to help design the special clothing materials needed for medical products, military materials, Firefighters and Police, and more. Broadly speaking, both industrial sewing and textile engineering involve any material that is flexible and non-rigid.

How Does Textile Engineering Work?

Textile technology is a branch of mechanical engineering, so many of the principles are similar. The study of textile engineering relates to the design and creation of fabrics. This usually includes the equipment and materials needed for manufacturing. Textile engineering involves determining the best way to develop fibers, process raw materials, and ensure accurate production. 

Textile engineering relates not only to the use of existing materials but also to the development of entirely new materials. Textile engineers are discovering new high-tech methods of creating barriers and efficient structures that do not follow the same rules as rigid structures or devices. Some of these future uses include technologies that can transfer the energy generated by physical motion or convert sunlight into electricity. Whatever the future holds, fabrics will continue to become stronger, cheaper, and more durable. 

What is Textile Production?

Textile production is the process of manufacturing fibers, filaments, yarns, and threads, including natural and synthetic fibers.

A composite material is a combination of different materials, such as fiber and cotton. These two processes have their own production steps.

Traditional textiles

These textiles are both decorative and functional, such as clothing and home furnishings.

Technical textiles

These textiles are created purely for functional rather than aesthetic purposes, such as protective clothing, military materials, medical implants, etc. They have different purposes but are manufactured in essentially the same way.

Special functions

As mentioned earlier, many technical textiles are manufactured for specific purposes within specific industries. One of the most important of these purposes is safety. Some industries are extremely dangerous and garments must be protected from spills, fires, dangerous debris, etc. Some garments not only need to have special properties such as fire resistance, reflectivity, water resistance, etc., but also other accessories such as safety nets, waterproof fabrics, fire blankets, tarpaulins, reflective fabrics, and even anti-toxic fabrics are used in technical textiles for their protective properties.

Military Field

People in the military rely on camouflage fabrics and durable textiles to keep them hidden from the environment and to protect their bodies from pests. Sometimes special materials are also used to protect them from projectiles. Tents and parachutes in the military are also an important area of textile used in military applications.

Firefighter and police applications

Firefighters need fire-resistant clothing with flame retardant properties to do their jobs, while police officers often need defensive materials such as bulletproof clothing.

Medical Uses

In the medical field, patients and medical personnel rely on technical textiles. Bandages, cotton gauze, mattresses, and pillows all contain technical textiles.


Agriculture is another industry that relies heavily on technical textiles. Special textiles are often used in greenhouses and ground coverings. Bags, nets, and twine are also often seen in agriculture.

Machinery, Equipment, and Valves Used For Textile Mills

There are various types of machinery, and equipment used for textile mills, the most important machine is dyeing machinery, which is famously made in Taiwan, and most dyeing machine manufacturers use STONE valves. 

Dyeing Machines

dual flow dyeing machine
dual flow dyeing machine(Asia Kingdom Machinery Industry)
dual flow rapid dyeing machine
dual flow rapid dyeing machine
jet dyeing machine
jet dyeing machine
rapid dyeing machine
rapid dyeing machine
normal temperature dyeing machine
normal temperature dyeing machine

Sampling Dyeing Machine Series  

sampling dyeing machine series1 1
sampling dyeing machine series1 1(Asia Kingdom Machinery Industry)
sampling dyeing machine series2
sampling dyeing machine series2(Asia Kingdom Machinery Industry)
sampling dyeing machine series3
sampling dyeing machine series3(Asia Kingdom Machinery Industry)
sampling dyeing machine series4
sampling dyeing machine series3(Asia Kingdom Machinery Industry)

Fabric Dyeing Machines

  • Fabric Dyeing Machine
  • Yarn Dyeing Machine
rapid high pressure cheese dryer machine
rapid high pressure cheese dryer machine
rapid high temperature high pressure yarn dyeing machine
rapid high temperature high pressure yarn dyeing machine

Above brand equipment manufacturers use STONE valves for their dyeing machines, which include ball valves, cylinder actuated control valves, diaphragm actuated control valves, butterfly valves, and angle seat valves.

Precision casting and full port stainless steel ball valves save operating time, and the control valves accurate proportional control of the flow capacity with tight shut-off.

The feeding system has the following properties

  1. A programmable automatic feeding control system that can simulate a metering automatic dosing system. Large and small valves can be selected for fast and slow adding.

  1. Automatic water level detection and control device.
  2. Powerful stirring by a circulation pump.
  3. Automatic cleaning of the tank and related pipes.

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Industrial Valves Used For Textile Mills

Which type of valves does STONE valve and THINKTANK provide for the above dyeing and finishing machinery manufacturers?
cylinder cv1
cylinder cv1
cylinder cv2
cylinder cv2

Electric Thermal Oil Valve


Pneumatic Stainless Steel Ball Valve

scs13 10k 50 ball valve
scs13 10k 50 ball valve
10k 40 scs13 ball valve with actuator
10k 40 scs13 ball valve with actuator
three way ball valve cf8m flange 10k
three way ball valve cf8m flange 10k
3pc ball valve cf8m
3pc ball valve cf8m
single acting pneumatic actuator stone
single acting pneumatic actuator stone
3 way ball valves with actuator
3 way ball valves with actuator

Electric Two-Way Control Valve

electric thermal oil valve 1
electric thermal oil valve 1
electric two way control valve2
electric two way control valve2

Lever Float Trap FT43H-16

steam lever float trap
steam lever float trap

Angle Seat Valve 2000 Type Flange

angle seat control valve
angle seat control valve

Globe valve

globe valve
globe valve
duplex steel globe valves 2
duplex steel globe valves

Balancing Valve

pneumatic globe on off control valve
pneumatic globe on off control valve
on off control valve
on off control valve

Pneumatic Proportional Control Valve with I/P or E/P Positioner

actuated control valves5
actuated control valves5

Motorized Proportional Three-Way Control Valve Cast steel

dn125 motorized three way control valves drawing
dn125 motorized three way control valves drawing

Pneumatic Thermal Oil Control Valve

thermal oil two way control valves
thermal oil 3 way control valves

Pneumatic Thermal Oil Three-Way Control Valve with SMC Positioner

thermal oil three way control valve

Pneumatic Butterfly Valve + Limit Switch

butterfly valves for air water or oil
butterfly valve for dust high temperature
shutoff butterfly valves

Pneumatic Ball Valve Q641F-16P-316

3 way ball valves with actuator
three way ball valve cf8m flange 10k stone
three way ball valve cf8m flange 10k
3pc ball valve cf8m
10k 40 scs13 ball valve with actuator
stone ball valve scs13 10k
vt diaphragm actuated control valves 1

Stainless Steel Two-Way Pneumatic Control Valve

ss control valves with positioner
bellow seal automatic control valves

Stainless Steel Three-Way Pneumatic Control Valve

stainless steel two way pneumatic control valve

Manual Butterfly Valve

resilient seated bv

Manual Ball Valve

duplex wafer check valves
monel check valves 1

Medium Pressure Steam Control Valve For Printing and Dyeing Machines

actuated control valves2
actuated control valves1

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